Over the years, the marchande routine features much more getting a period of time to own harsh and you can sexuality specific insults targeted at the have a peek at this web site new spouse, his the fresh girlfriend, in addition to their families
Of the numerous social performance models that enter Hausa and you may Songhoy-Zarma lives, the fresh new ples of your own contestation of regional patriarchal public techniques. The latest marchande are a good Songhoy-Zarma mock ritual did by the older wife from inside the good polygamous marriage since a response to the girl husband’s latest or impending y getting common practice for the Niger). When marrying a separate girlfriend, a guy is anticipated to spend 1st wife on the serious pain the guy explanations this lady owing to their brand new relationship. So it cash is commonly utilized by brand new elder girlfriend to cover the new gatherings where marchande is accomplished, events and this incorporate satirical outfit, moving, and you can track. The next excerpt out-of a marchande track sounds the new rage out-of an elder partner to the the lady spouse with his the brand new spouse:
Tobey tobey, [rabbit] Squirt pepper within our eyes From the Allah we are going to spray they back Tobey tobey, We shall wipe it into his testicles Thus the guy throws it inside the the wife’s eyes, So the guy puts it in the the fresh new wife’s pussy, She’s going to struggle to bed, She’ll not be able to stay. [:196)
When you’re this type of interpretations are thought provoking, I would suggest one to marchande music portray a form of routine subversion that create big pressure and contestation whenever entered for the lifestyle
One to outrage has become manifested in more outward and you will direct versions out-of ridicule into the women’s husbands as well as their this new co-wives (). Sidikou and shows that the marchande functions as an easy method to possess older wives in order to sound their discontents with polygamy whilst saying their standing out of power from inside the family unit members unit. We might while doing so read this ritualized results through Mikhail Bakhtin’s understanding of your own carnivalesque, wherein the inversion off hierarchy in addition to temporary reduction of public stress try hit through satirical moving, mimicry, and you can phrases out of ridicule (Bakhtin 1941). Regarding inquiries of empowerment and you will complicity, Winner Turner’s translation of one’s carnivalesque shows that if you’re such as routine inversions and transgressions carry out subvert public formations briefly, they in the course of time enable those people formations to undergo. He suggests that such as expressions regarding resistance are usually consisted of in order to culturally approved rooms in which the tensions which may if not lead to the change away from a social program was legitimated and you will vented (Turner 1982).
People, their loved ones, and their the brand new brides cannot sit-in marchande performances, nor do it support her or him and even though it’s the fee on senior girlfriend you to definitely fund they. Guys along with highly target into rough vocabulary that ladies have fun with into the ily players, all of which are big offenses within their Muslim area. Thus of several marchande activities try enacted inside the secluded, but nonetheless public places. Because the texts of these slanderous shows don’t slide truly on ears of men, they are clearly released within the local community of females, even among women who couldn’t if you don’t build such as derogatory lso are:56). Particularly because of the rise in head issue of males and you will polygamy from inside the marchande tunes, I understand which tune function just like the generating a beneficial brand of opposition one to, whilst not stopping polygamy, contests it with growing power. Additionally creates an alternate routine place to have societal resistance that allows females freedom in the deterministic context out of a neighborhood male gaze. The application of or even thoroughly forbidden words attests to that particular power, since girls step much more away from bounds out of acceptable social behavior in order to sound so it vital direction into polygamy.