10 June :- Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrived in China on Saturday to participate in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit. Apart from the SCO Summit, he made bilateral talks with Chinese President Xi Jinping.
In the last four years, it is the 14th meeting of the two leaders. The two countries have signed two important agreements today. One of these is the agreement of exchange of information linked to the flow of water in the Brahmaputra river during flood season.
The second agreement is agreed on the purchase of non-basmati rice from India. Imports of non-basmati rice from China can help to balance the trade by some extent. China’s exports to the trade between the two countries is very high. These agreements were signed after separate bilateral talks with Prime Minister Modi and Xi Jinping.
India will give information on the flow of the river Brahmaputra to China –
According to the agreement between India’s Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Resuscitation Ministry and the Ministry of Water Resources of China, China will provide information related to the flow of water in river Brahmaputra between 15th May to 15th October i.e., during the flood season i.e. every year. Also, if the water level in this river goes beyond the boundaries by the mutual consent in the weather after rainy season, then the information will also be given to China India.
It is notable that due to the Dullamal dispute last year, China had stopped sharing data related to the flow of Brahmaputra with India.
Agreement on non-basmati rice –
On the new agreement to ensure the sanitation of non-basmati rice imported by China and the new arrangement for its health, the signing of China’s Customs Administration and certification related to plant protection of India was signed by the Department of Agriculture, Cooperatives and Farmers Welfare.
Under this, India can export certified non-basmati rice to China. China is one of the world’s largest rice markets. So far, China imports only Basmati rice from India. This was agreed in 2006 on the Phytoscopic Product Vocabulary Protocol. The two countries have now amended this protocol, under which India will now be able to export non-basmati rice to China.